A New Type of Microfluidic Pump Driven by Laser
A revolutionary microfluidic pump is demonstrated; it has no moving parts and no electrical contacts. It consists of a quartz plate implanted by Au particles where every point on the plate can function as a micropump. The pump is driven by a laser beam and is based on the discovered principle of photoacoustic laser streaming.When a pulsed laser hits the plate, it is absorbed by Au nanoparticles that generate an ultrasound wave, which then drives the fluid via acoustic streaming. Because laser beams can be arbitrarily patterned and timed, the fluid can be controlled by laser in a fashion similar to musical water fountains. Such a laser-driven photoacoustic micropump will find wide applications in microfluidics and optofluidics.
Professor, Electrical Engineering